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Anthropological Analyses

Tools for anthropological analyses to use directly while working in human remains. Allowing the acquisition of basic data like age, sex, and pathologies to use in an anthropological and archaeological context.
Regarding the model this is connected to burial as a stratigraphic unit (E18 physical object) and human remains (E20 biological object).
For some aspects entering data is already possible but a better user interface is desirable. For other data new ways of entering are required e.g. for sex and age estimation.

Issue #1352

To do

  • Define age groups that will have their own "Knochenmännchen"

Bone Inventory

For the (graphical) anthropological interface the following bones and bone parts have to be recorded (import ID of bones already entered as types in brackets):
See: Bone inventory

Sex estimation

Model

This information will be mapped within CIDOC CRM model. E18 (physical thing)-> P2 (has type) -> E55 (Type)
  • E18 = stratigraphic unit
  • E55 = Types provided like value types which can't be edited containing all features (e.g. Glabella). The selection (e.g. Female) will than be written to the link description

To do

  • remove former type sex estimation (options like Female, Female?, ...)
  • add system value type sex estimation containing features
  • make a new tab system at types containing e.g. sex estimation, reference match, ... containing non editable types
  • rewrite form to use new system
  • save form
  • show selected values in view
  • implement and present calculation

Calculation of sex estimation:

(Bone feature x costum type (female/female?/indifferent/male?/male) x weighting)/sum of weighting entered = sex estimation

Options
  • Female (=-2)
  • Female? (=-1)
  • Indifferent (=0)
  • Male? (=1)
  • Male (=2)
  • not preserved
Features
Skull
  • Glabella x 3
  • Arcus superciliaris x 2
  • Tuber frontalis and parietalis x2
  • Inclinatio frontalis x1
  • Processus mastoideus x3
  • Relief of planum nuchale x3
  • Protuberantia occipitalis externa x2
  • Processus zygomaticus x3
  • Os zygomaticum x2
  • Crista supramastoideum x2
  • Margo supraorbitalis x1
  • Shape of orbita x1
Mandible
  • Overall apperence x3
  • Mentum x2
  • Angulus x1
  • Margo inferior (M2) x1
  • Angle x1
Pelvis
  • Sulcus praeauricularis x3
  • Incisura ischiadica major x3
  • Angulus pubis x2
  • Arc composé x2
  • Os coxae x2
  • Foramen obturatum x2
  • Corpus ossis ischii x2
  • Crista iliaca x1
  • Fossa iliaca x1
  • Pelvis major x1
  • Auricular area x1
  • Sacrum x1
  • Fossa acetabuli x1
Robusticity
  • Humerus x1
  • Femur x1

Result:
Sex estimation: -2 to -0,7 = female, -0,69 to -0,31 = possibly female, -0,3 to 0,3 = indifferent, 0,31 to 0,69 = possibly male, 0,7 to 2 = male

Layout

At "stratigraphic unit" a new tab called "Tools", where links to eg. sex estimation, age estimation, pathologies, and also (if available) a few results, as well as skeleton graphic, are shown.
Clicking on "sex estimation" links will bring you to a page showing an overview over detailed information on the respective bone features and a button to edit them.

Teeth

Age estimation

Grown-up

Child

Pathologies/Non metric traits

Vertebrae

Joints

Updated by Alexander Watzinger 3 months ago · 22 revisions

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